Traditions and Customs of JanaiPurnima in Nepal
Traditions and Customs of Janai Purnima in Nepal: – As you are interested to know about Janai Purnima, Let me tell you first it is the informal name of the festival called RakhsaBandhan. This festival falls on the Full moon day of Shrawan( mostly on August) which is also known as Shrawan Shukla Purnima. Among the many festivals of Hindu Community JanaiPurnima is also considered as the most important day for the Hindu Community as it has high religious value.
It is celebrated by Hindus all over the world. Among them, Chettri and Bhramins especially celebrate this festival by changing their “Janai” or fibril annually and the other people glorify this fiesta by putting cherished fibril around their wrist.
Now let’s talk about “Janai”. What exactly the “Janai” is?.Janai is a thread which is made up of cotton twist which is worn across the chest by a male. This thread is given to them throughout a remarkable religious ceremony which is termed as Bratabandhan. The vital reason for wearing Janai is that it triggers the boy into adulthood and it is their duty to chase the religion and trail of the truth affectionately. The Janai is a Badge of body speech and mind, and the person wearing it is assumed to progress entire control over each of them. Janai must be worn daily, afterwards they listen to the mantra from their priest (GURU).
If the thread turned into untidy or dishonored due to those acts which are refused by religion it can be changed. Despite the Janai must be alternated or changed without fail on RakshaBandhan day.
On the previous day of Janai Purnima, the person who is wearing Janai should make themselves clean and shave their hair and have a good bath. They withstand a limited fasting. It is so because having only one meal of foods advised to be clean. Like they have to exclude meat, garlic, onions etc.
On the actual day i.e. JanaiPurnimathe men from the rural area usually go to their nearest ponds and rivers to take secret bath soaking themselves thrice in the water. Afterward, they change their Janai breaking the old ones. However, in the urban areas, the whole family assembles around the Guru or also called as Pandit as he reads the valuable stories from the holy book called Patro. And in order to purify the new thread the priest performs a ceremony. After the ceremony, the priest is given foodstuffs and money. That money given to the priests is termed as Dakshina.
Are you wondering about the other people who don’t wear Janai? Well, for the other people there is a thread called RakshaBandhan Doro. In nepaliRakhsa means to protect or preserve and Bandhan means a tie or a bond. Overall, RakshaBandhan is a bond of protection. But this thread is cherished around their wrist. They do so because they believe thread brings them good luck. The thread is made up of yellow and red color.
On Raksha Bandhan Day the kids, children, male and female unconcerned of their status and caste get tied a thread (doro). Typically the doro is tied on the left wrist of the female and on the right of a male. They preserve the doro till the Laxmi Puja Day in Deepawali. Only on the cow worshipping day (Laxmi Puja on October) they take out the doro and tie on the tail of the cow. This is So Because the Hindu people believe that after the death of the person they have to cross the river Baitrani in order to reach the heaven. And at that time the cow will help them to cross the river Baitarni, by granting the dead to grip to her tail.
You are surely familiar with the Rakhi Day. On this day the sister ties the holy thread or rakhi on the wrist of her brother and the brother is sworn to protect her and look after her.The brother in return also provide some sweets and gifts.And this Festival is corresponding to the BhaiTika in Tihar.
As we all know Nepal is a religious diversity country, So every different caste has their own religion and respective festivals. As like that Newar is among them. And the festival Kwatipurnima is celebrated particularly in among the Newar community. On the same day of JanaiPurnima, Kwati Purnima is celebrated. “Kwati” is a soup which is the combo of total Nine different beans. Usually three or four days before the KwatiPurnima, the nine different beans and soak in the water. The beans are left to cultivate their roots and on the day of KwatiPurnima the beans are diverse and make the soup of it. Also, the farmers of the Newari community offer different food items to the frog. Yes, to a frog!! They do so because they consider the frog as an agent of God of rainfall. And by contributing the variety of foods to frog, it benefits them to the expansion of Crops.
As like other community, Newari Community also installs the sacred thread around their wrist and taken off throughout the day of Laxmi Puja, which is the addition festival of Tihar.
Well, there are many stories trailing the RakshaBandhan and JanaiPurnima.
If you are interested to know some of the stories behind this festival then I’m going to tell to some of them.
One of them is “SontoshiMaa”
We all are familiar about Lord Ganesh and according to ancient histories about the Lords, Lord Ganesh had two sons (Subha and Labh) .On the RakshaBandhan’s day, Lord Ganesh’s sister inspects and tied a thread (Rakhi) on Ganesh’s wrist. Feeling underprivileged, the two sons of Ganesh started demanding Ganesh and his two wives for a sister. Lastly, Ganesh granted to accomplished the demand and the SantoshiMaa( precisely the Mother Goddess of satisfaction) was devised by divine flames that develop from two wives of Ganesh Riddhi and Siddhi.
There are many other stories and religious beliefs on the different religious festivals.
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